Welcome To The
Tracheal Stenosis Foundation
What is Tracheal Stenosis?
Function of the Trachea
Tracheal stenosis is considered the narrowing of the trachea or windpipe, typically due to scar tissue. Stenosis refers to circumferential narrowing. The trachea is the airway that leads from the larynx (voice box) to the bronchi, which are airways that lead to the lungs.
The trachea is also known as the windpipe. It is a bony tube, which connects the nose and mouth to the lungs, hence is an important part of the respiratory system. Technically speaking, the trachea function is to connect the larynx to the lungs and allow passage of air to the lungs. The trachea is a rigid muscular tube located in front of the esophagus, which measures approximately 4.5 inches long and 1 inch wide. There are approximately 15 to 20 incomplete C-shaped cartilage rings, which protect the trachea and maintain the airway. The muscles of the trachea are connected to the incomplete rings and contract while coughing, which reduces the size of the lumen of the trachea to increase the flow of air. The cartilages ensure that the larynx and the trachea do not collapse, when there is no air in them.
Our mission is to educate, support, and provide guidance for patients and family members affected by the rare disease, tracheal stenosis. Each year, our organization holds a medical and social conference. Donations help sustain our organization and benefit the community which we serve by allowing us to offer the conference free of charge, aid with programs that support individuals affected, increase awareness with medical professionals, and expand research efforts for a cause and someday a cure.